Brain injuries can cause devastating changes to a person’s life. Learn about common brain injuries caused in catastrophic accidents and what to watch for.

What You Need to Know About Catastrophic Accidents and Brain Injuries

catastrophic brain injuryOne of the most devastating injuries a victim of a catastrophic injury can suffer is a brain injury. It can cause long-term changes to a person’s ability to work and to even take care of his basic day-to-day activities, and many victims do not survive these injuries. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), traumatic brain injury (TBI) causes approximately 30 percent of all injury deaths. Fortunately, victims of a catastrophic accident may be able to recover compensation for their injuries from the negligent party with the assistance of an experienced personal injury attorney.

What Are the Major Causes of Brain Injuries?

Brain injuries are most often the consequence of a blow to the head, another traumatic injury to the head or body, or severe shaking of the head. In addition, certain medical conditions that cut off the blood and oxygen flow to the brain, such as a stroke, can cause a person to suffer brain damage. Common ways that accidents cause devastating brain injuries include:

  • Falls
  • Vehicle accidents
  • Violence
  • Sports activities
  • Explosions
  • Being struck by or against an object

What Types of Brain Injuries Could You Suffer in a Catastrophic Accident?

Head injuries can be open or closed. A closed head injury is one that does not break the skull while an open one occurs when something breaks the skull and penetrates the brain. Common brain injuries include:

  • Concussion. A concussion can occur if the brain is bounced against the skull’s hard walls. It can cause headaches, loss of consciousness, and confusion. While a concussion is often a temporary brain injury, repeated concussions can lead to permanent brain damage.
  • Contusion. Contusions are bruising of the brain and can result in localized bleeding in the brain. Depending on the seriousness of the injury, it may need to be surgically repaired to prevent the formation of blood clots that are sometimes fatal.
  • Traumatic brain injury. TBI is one of the most common brain injuries caused by a blow to the head or other trauma. It can cause permanent changes to a person’s emotions, reasoning, memory, hearing, vision, and more.
  • Hematoma. A hematoma is the clotting of blood outside the blood vessels in the brain, causing pressure to build up within the brain and skull and loss of consciousness.
  • Hemorrhage. This is uncontrolled bleeding in the brain or the space around the brain—sometimes life-threatening. It can cause the death of brain cells and brain damage.
  • Edema. Brain injuries can cause tissues to swell both outside and inside the brain, which allows pressure to build up in the brain. This can reduce the flow of blood to the brain, resulting in permanent damage to brain cells—or death.

What Are Some of the Symptoms of Brain Damage?

If you or a family member was injured in a catastrophic accident, you need to watch for the warning signs of brain damage. Some of the symptoms include:

  • Headaches
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Difficult concentrating
  • Weakness and numbness
  • Slurred speech
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Convulsions or seizures

You should seek immediate medical care if you or a loved one experiences any of these symptoms to prevent further brain damage, a life-threatening emergency situation, or death.

Were you or a family member injured in a catastrophic injury caused by a business’ or individual’s negligence? Call our office today to schedule a free consultation to discuss your situation and the steps you need to take to hold the negligent party responsible for compensating you for your injuries.


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Bellevue Office
11900 NE 1st Street
Suite 300
Bellevue, WA 98005
Phone: (425) 289-1990
Fax: (425) 289-1991
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Bellevue Office
11900 NE 1st Street
Suite 300
Bellevue, WA 98005
Phone: (425) 289-1990
Fax: (425) 289-1991

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